Surface Profile Inspection Guide from SP1 to SP10

A surface profile of concrete or asphalt is a number associated with the material’s desired roughness or texture and its general appearance. It helps in determining if the surface is fit for a specific purpose. Roughness can be an indicator for:

  • Wear-ability
  • Friction coefficients
  • Performance in terms of cracks or corrosion
  • Adhesive properties

Our Surface Profile Inspection Guide helps in determining the desired surface profile of your concrete or asphalt and indicates the proper diamond tooling and machinery required for achieving it during the preparation process.

Surface Profiles (SP1-SP10)

The lower the surface profile (SP) number (SP1), the flatter the surface. An SP10 rating is an extremely rough surface. An accepted definition of surface profile is “the average distance from the peaks to the valleys of the surface, as seen through a cross-section of the prepared substrate.” The range of variation with your specific concrete slab, substrate or asphalt depends on its strength, composition, aggregate and finish. The final surface must allow for the secure mechanical bond of any sealer, coating or marking material, so make sure the surface is free of any dirt, oil, films, paint, coatings, cure, sealer and any other material before creating your desired surface profile.

Runyon Surface Prep carries a full line of HTC, Husqvarna, and CPS grinders, Edco scarifiers and scabblers, National floor scrapers, diamond tooling, carbides, scrapers and shot blasters for use in surface preparation.


Concrete Polishing Solutions Diamond Tooling Guide

Runyon Surface Prep is an authorized distributor for CPS (Concrete Polishing Solutions), offering floor grinders and diamond tooling for a variety of floor surfaces. CPS researches new equipment, diamond tooling, chemicals and more for use in the polished concrete industry. For more than a decade, the company has been committed to developing the tools contractors need to complete every flooring project successfully.

CPS Diamond Tooling Guide

To help in choosing the correct CPS diamond tooling for a number of grinding or polishing jobs, we’ve put together a one-page, full-color CPS Diamond Tooling Guide outlining seven of the most common removal and polish jobs, the right tooling, recommended machine speeds for each job and the average production per hour that contractors can expect.

Attributes of CPS Diamond Tooling

CPS Black Series (first 3 tasks): Black series metal bonded tooling is a traditional trapezoid-type tool that is soft bond. Life expectancy is an average of 8,000 to 10,000 square feet. Available in 6,16, 30/40, 60/80 and 150 grits.

CPS MACH Series (task #4): The CPS MACH series tooling cuts like resins and wear like metals. They don’t glaze up on hard concrete and can replace metals on 90 percent of floors. They are built tough, with an 8,000 square foot life span, increasing production over 100% as compared to dry metal bonds on hard concrete. MACH tools need no water, taking on hard concrete and grinding down to exposed aggregate if needed.

CPS Sektors (last 3 tasks): CPS Sektors are one-size-fits-all tooling that works equally well on soft, hard or medium floor surfaces. Sektors combine reduced labor costs with excellent tooling life to create the lowest cost per foot dry polishing system on the market.

An All-Inclusive Guide to Diamond Impregnated Pads

Runyon Surface Prep offers a comprehensive line of grinding and polishing machines, along with diamond tooling, for the grinding and polishing of a variety of flooring surfaces. To help in choosing the correct diamond impregnated pad for your job, we’ve put together a one-page, full-color Guide to Diamond Impregnated Pads, outlining five of the most requested brands we carry.

Guide to Diamond Impregnated Pads

Twister Diamond Cleaning Pads & TXP Xtreme Pads

HTC’s Twister line mechanically cleans and maintains floors using floor pads prepared with billions of microscopic diamonds. Each pad carries a different size of diamonds to polish the floor, keeping its natural gloss and shine.

Benefits of HTC Twister Pads:

  • Economical – no costs for chemicals
  • Environmentally friendly – uses water only; makes for a better working environment
  • Creates higher gloss and cleanliness
  • Works on all floor types

Coverage Rates on HTC Twister Pad Life (in square feet):

Diamond Cleaning Pads

Estimated pad life is highly dependent on 1) the condition of the floor 2) the equipment used and 3) the type of job. Compared to cleaning, restoration can reduce the pad life by 50% to 75%, depending on the number of passes made with each grit and the amount of pad pressure. Pad life is greater when used wet at low rpms under an auto scrubber versus dry under a burnisher at high rpms.


  • SuperClean – daily cleaning of heavily guarded, coated or finished floors
  • SuperGloss – daily or periodic burnishing of heavily guarded, coated or finished floors

TXP Xtreme Pads

The TXP is a very unique pad that falls between HTC’s resin bond hybrids and the standard Twister pads in performance.


  • On heavily guarded, coated or finished floors – TXP can be used to deep scrub or strip the floors prior to recoating. Lifespan in these applications is 100,000 to 500,000 square feet.
  • On stone or concrete floors – TXP can be used for stain and etch repair, light honing and floor preparation. Recommended wherever tools in the 100 to 400 grit range were used previously. As aggressive as a 100 – can leave the floor as refined as a 400. Since this pad is often used as the first step in a restoration, it takes a beating and usually has a lifespan on stone and concrete of 50,000 to 200,000 square feet.

STI SPIN-1 Diamond Pads

Substrate Technology, Inc. (STI) manufactures complete polishing systems from prep to polish, for the best possible finish. The SPIN-1 Pad System polishes concrete in a fraction of the time when compared to large polishing machines. The natural hair pads are infused with diamonds and are exceptionally effective in maintaining polished concrete. Pad life is in excess of 20,000 SF/1,858 M2. Available in 21″ and 27″ sizes to fit most propane burnishers.

3M Scotch-Brite Diamond Plus Pads

The Scotch-Brite™ Purple Diamond Floor Pad Plus and Scotch-Brite™ Sienna Diamond Floor Pad Plus Cleaning System by 3M is based on a diamond formula and a simplified, one-step process that simultaneously cleans and polishes stone floors.

Get A Brilliant Shine

  • Helps reduce labor and material costs up to 50% – addresses labor and material costs associated with stripping, deep scrubbing and burnishing floors
  • Easy to use and easy to maintain
  • Environmentally Preferable Cleaning System, which means products or services that have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment when compared with competing products or services that serve the same purpose
  • Helps eliminate the need to use floor finishes, coatings, stripper and crystallization products, and the labor-intensive work associated with applying these chemical products

CPS SpinFlex Polishing Pad

SpinFlex Polishing Pads from Concrete Polishing Solutions (CPS) are impregnated with a higher concentration microscopic diamonds and have a higher heat rating than competitors’ pads. They are uniquely designed to maintain and enhance the shine on a variety of surfaces. Easily adaptable, they mount to any floor grinder, burnisher or auto scrubber and are excellent for cleaning and enhancing the floor’s shine.

[GUIDE] How-To Pair Your Concrete Equipment with the Proper Vacuum

One of the trickiest parts of choosing which vacuums you need on the job is determining which goes best with the equipment you already own, or the equipment you want to purchase. Based on voltage, water lift, amperage, etc. there are certain vacuums that are better suited to particular pieces of equipment. In order to simplify this process, below is a chart that outlines which equipment models are compatible with each Ermator vacuum and pre-separator duo. [Note: Ermator is our preferred dust extraction system.]

However, this is not an all-inclusive list – there are many equipment models not on this chart. So, if that is the case, let us know and we would be thrilled to pair you up with the proper dust extraction system. Also, be sure to check out our small grinder packages and large grinder packages.

Ermator Comparison Guide

[INFOGRAPHIC] Densifier Comparison Guide

There are so many concrete densifiers to choose from when sealing and protecting your polished concrete surfaces. So, in order to make your lives a little easier, we’ve laid out the distinct differences between all the major densifier brands we carry. From Ameripolish to Prosoco to Convergent to Scofield to Dayton Superior, there are a variety of options. However, based on your specific needs, your decision may be slightly easier by taking a look at coverage rates, application and type of floor. Use this guide to help with your densifier selection process and let us know if you have any questions!

Densifier Comparison Guide

[INFOGRAPHIC] How to Polish Concrete with Husqvarna

After several requests for a step-by-step guide to polishing concrete with Husqvarna tooling, here it is. This 9 step concrete polishing process gives a general outline for which grits to use in each stage, the exact tool to use in each and best practices. Keep in mind however, that this is by no-means translatable to every concrete slab, it may vary, but it gives a solid starting point.

Also, in order to understand the speed requirements, it’s important to be familiar with Husqvarna’s Dual Drive Technology™ and specifically the functionality of Husqvarna floor grinder control panels, which have 2 speed controls (potentiometers). For an overview of Dual Drive Technology™, check out this blog post.

How to Polish with Husqvarna

For a complete catalog of Husqvarna grinders and tooling, visit our website. Please contact us with any questions you may have. And if you would like a customized infographic for you and your crew, please contact us and we will make it happen!

[INFOGRAPHIC] The 4 Basic Steps of Concrete Staining

Although there may be several ways to go about effectively staining a concrete floor or surface, this proven 4-step method comes from an industry expert – Dancer Concrete and Design. In order to achieve a long-lasting, professional finish, the below process walks you through how to prep, polish, stain and seal in an efficient manner. Use the following infographic as a guide, and for more information you can visit this blog post by Dancer Concrete. Also, please feel free to contact us with additional questions!

4 Steps to Properly Staining a Concrete Floor